Decision Model for U.S.-Mexico Border Security Measures: President Trump's Proposed Border Wall, History of Security Infrastructure by ICE, CBP, DHS, Intelligence Community, Law Enforcement
by Progressive Management
This late 2017 report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has invested billions of dollars to prevent illegal drugs, immigration, weapons, and currency from transiting across the U.S.-Mexico border. DHS has not created a sufficient standardized method to measure whether an investment in a security measure is cost-effective when combining assets. To take it one step further, DHS has not created a model that combines cost-effectiveness of a security asset while simultaneously determining how it will contribute to achieving operational control of the border. This study provides an in-depth look into the current risk-based model DHS uses, the administrative and physical infrastructure of U.S.-Mexico border security, and a critical view of DHS' annual budget. A decision model is presented that will give policymakers a process to choose a combination of border security investments that will achieve operational control of the border while remaining within budgeting constraints. A lot of work needs to be done for DHS to determine the correct security assets to be placed at the U.S.-Mexico Border to maintain operational control and cost-effectiveness. This study does not determine which security assets need to be put into place, but it provides a decision process that will be an asset for policymakers to save federal time and money assigned to border security investments.I. INTRODUCTION * A. RESEARCH QUESTION * B. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH QUESTION * C. LITERATURE REVIEW * 1. Current Demand of Decision Model for Border Defense * 2. Opportunity Cost of Homeland Security and Defense Spending * 3. Measuring ROI for DHS' Border Security Expenditures * 4. Current ROI Model Deficiencies * 5. ROI in the Public Sector * 6. Game Theory and Social Sciences * D. POTENTIAL EXPLANATIONS AND HYPOTHESES * E. RESEARCH DESIGN AND THESIS OVERVIEW * II. EVOLUTION OF U.S.-MEXICO BORDER SECURITY LEGAL AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE * A. INTRODUCTION * B. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER * C. DEVELOPMENT OF PRESENT DAY BORDER SECURITY INFRASTRUCTURE * D. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION (CBP) * 1. Office of Air and Marine (OAM) * E. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT (ICE) * F. DHS OFFICE OF INTELLIGENCE AND ANALYSIS (I&A) * G. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY AND BORDER DEFENSE * H. STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT * I. TECHNOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL BORDER SECURITY INVESTMENT * J. CONCLUSION * III. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER BUDGETING AND ENFORCEMENT DATA * A. INTRODUCTION * B. DHS BUDGETING AND INVESTMENTS * 1. CBP * 2. ICE and DHS I&A * C. SIGNIFICANT CBP BORDER SECURITY INVESTMENTS * D. BORDER SECURITY ACCOMPLISHMENTS * E. CONCLUSION * IV. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER SECURITY DECISION MODEL * A. STEP ONE: DETERMINE THE OBJECTIVE OF A BORDER SECURITY MEASURE * B. STEP TWO: LIST ALL POSSIBLE BORDER SECURITY MEASURES THAT WILL HELP ACHIEVE OPERATIONAL CONTROL * C. STEP THREE: EVALUATE COSTS OF SECURITY MEASURES * D. STEP FOUR: EVALUATE EFFECTIVENESS OF SECURITY MEASURES * E. CHOOSING A COMBINATION OF SECURITY MEASURES * F. LIMITATIONS TO THE DECISION MODEL * G. CONCLUSION * V. DHS, U.S.-MEXICO BORDER, AND THE ROAD AHEAD * A. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER WALL * B. INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT * C. LOOKING AHEAD AT OPERATIONAL CONTROL OF U.S.MEXICO BORDER * D. CONCLUSION