Peter, Paul and Jacob, Comments On First Peter, Philippians, Colossians, First Thessalonians, Second Thessalonians, First Timothy, Second Timothy, Titus, Jacob (James)
by Jonathan Paul Mitchell
This first volume, in a series of verse-by-verse comments and explanations on a collection of New Testament letters, covers 1 Peter, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus and Jacob (James). The interpretation and comments are based upon The New Testament, God's Message of Goodness, Ease and Well-being Which Brings God's Gifts of His Spirit, His Life, His Grace, His Power, His Fairness, His Peace and His Love, translated by Jonathan Mitchell. The text of each of these letters is given and the meanings of the verses are explained, giving the significances of the tenses of the Greek verbs that are used, presenting consideration of the multiple functions of the noun cases in prepositional phrases where there is no expressed preposition, and citing other New Testament passages that might have relevance to the verse being discussed. The translation itself is expanded and amplified, and presents multiple renderings of many phrases, clauses and verses. My conclusions reflect this expanded translation, and take into consideration the semantic range of many Greek words. Additional potential lexical meanings are parenthetically inserted into the text of the translation, along with variant manuscript readings. I have given much attention to the significance of the Greek verb tenses and to the functions of the noun cases, rendering the different ways that each of them could be translated within its context. Each verse is presented in bold face with alternate renderings parenthetically given in light face. The main guides for interpreting the original works are the translation and the context, together with careful attention given to the culture and historical setting of the people to whom these letters were written. A concise introduction begins the comments on each letter. I make references to other New Testament letters and to the four gospels, as well as occasionally citing Old Testament passages that relate to the context. Other commentators' quotes, as well as insights from friends, are also cited. In short, this work is intended to shed new light based upon a correct understanding of the Greek texts within the perspective of the local life situations and their larger, first century contexts. Equally important, the intent is to serve as a catalyst for critical thinking regarding the impact of these letters upon our lives today. Sample passages of the NT translation and of other volumes in this series of commentaries, can be found at the Jonathan Mitchell New Testament website.